Hocking, A., and W.K. Hocking, "Tornado Identification and Forewarning with VHF Windprofiler radars", Atmos. Sci. Letts.,, doi:10.1002/asl.795, 2017.

Swarnalingam, N., W. K. Hocking, D. Janches, and J. Drummond, "Observation of Polar Mesosphere Summer Echoes using the northernmost MST radar at Eureka (80oN)", J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys., 162, 90-96, doi: 10.1016/j.jastp.2017.03.015, 2017.

Silber, E.A., W. K. Hocking, M. L. Niculescu, M. Gritsevich, and R.E. Silber, "On shock waves and the role of hyperthermal chemistry in the early diffusion of overdense meteor trains", Monthly Notes Roy. Astro. Society, 469, 1869-1882, doi:10.1093/mnras/stx923, 2017.


Osman, M.K., W. K. Hocking and D. W. Tarasick, "Parameterization of Large-Scale Turbulent Diffusion in the presence of both well-mixed and weakly mixed patchy layers", J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys., 143-144 14-36, 2016.

Taylor, Peter A., Wensong Weng, Zheng Qi Wang, Mathew Corkum, Khalid Malik, Shama Sharma and Wayne Hocking, "Upper-Level Winds over Southern Ontario: O-QNet Wind Profiler and NARR Comparisons", Atmosphere-Ocean, 55(1), 1-11, DOI:10.1080/07055900.2016.1231658, 2016.

Hocking, W. K., R.E. Silber, J.M.C. Plane, W. Feng, and M. Garbanzo-Salas, "Decay times of transitionally dense specularly reflecting meteor trails and potential chemical impact on trail lifetimes", Ann. Geophys., 34, 1119-1144, doi:10.5194/angeo-34-1119-2016, 2016.


Garbanzo-Salas, M. and W.K. Hocking, "Spectral Analysis comparisons of Fourier-Theory-based methods and Minimum Variance (Capon) methods", J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys., 132, 92-100, doi:10.1016/j.jastp.2015.07.003, 2015.


Hocking, W.K., V. Lehmann, W. Singer and Masayuki Yamamoto, " Preface: Recent progress from networked studies based around MST radar ", J. Atmosph. and Solar-Terr. Phys., 118, Part A, 1-1, doi:10.1016/j.jastp.2014.05.012, 2014.

Hocking, W.K., A. Hocking, D.G. Hocking, and M. Garbanzo-Salas, " Windprofiler optimization using digital deconvolution procedures " , Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 118(A), 45-54,, 2014.

Janches, D., W. K. Hocking , S. Pifko , J.-L. Hormaechea , D.C. Fritts , C. Brunini , R. Michell, and M. Samara, " Interferometric Meteor Head Echo Observations using the Southern Argentina Agile Meteor Radar (SAAMER) " J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics,119, doi:10.1002/2013JA019241, 2014.

Dehghan, A., W.K. Hocking and R. Srinivasan, " Comparisons between multiple in-situ aircraft turbulence measurements and radar in the troposphere " J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys., 118(A), 64-77,, 2014.


Janches, D., J.L. Hormaechea, C. Brunini, W. Hocking, and D.C. Fritts, "An initial meteoroid stream survey in the southern hemisphere using the Southern Argentina Agile Meteor Radar (SAAMER)" , Icarus, doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2012.12.018, 223, 677-683, 2013.

Meek, C. E., A.H. Manson, W.K. Hocking, and J.R. Drummond, " Eureka, 80N, SKiYMET meteor radar temperatures compared with Aura MLS values " , Ann. Geophys., 31, 1267-1277, doi:10.5194/angeo-31-1267-2013, 2013.


Bourqui, M.S., A. Yamamoto, D. Tarasick, M. D. Moran, L.-P. Beaudoin, I. Beres, J. Davies, A. Elford, W. Hocking, M. Osman, and R. Wilkinson, "A new global real-time Lagrangian diagnostic system for stratosphere-troposphere exchange: evaluation during a balloon sonde campaign in eastern Canada " , Atmos. Chem. Phys., 12, 2661-2679, doi:10.5194/acp-12-2661-2012, 2012.

Fritts, D. C., D. Janches, H. Iimura, W. K. Hocking, J. V. Bageston, and N. M. P. Leme, " Drake Antarctic Agile Meteor Radar first results: Configuration and comparison of mean and tidal wind and gravity wave momentum flux measurements with Southern Argentina Agile Meteor Radar " , J. Geophys. Res., 117, D02105, doi:10.1029/2011JD016651, 2012.

Fritts, D.C., D. Janches, W. K. Hocking, N. J. Mitchell and M. J. Taylor, " Assessment of Gravity Wave Momentum Flux Measurement Capabilities by Meteor Radars Having Different Transmitter Power and Antenna Configurations " , J. Geophys. Res. 117, D10108, doi:10.1029/2011JD017174, 2012.


Cho, Y.-M., G. G. Shepherd, M. G. Shepherd, W. K. Hocking, N. J. Mitchell, andY. -I. Won, "A study of temperature and meridional wind relationship at highnorthern latitudes", J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys., 73(9), 936-943, doi:10.1016/j.jastp.2010.08.011, 2011.

Kantha, L. and W.K. Hocking, "Dissipation Rates of Turbulence Kinetic Energy inthe Free Atmosphere: MST radar and Radiosondes", J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys., 73(9),1043-1051, doi:10.1016/j.jastp.2010.11.024, 2011.

Swarnalingam, N., W. K. Hocking and J. R. Drummond,"Long-termaspect-sensitivity measurements of Polar Mesosphere Summer Echoes (PMSE) at Resolute Bay using 51.5 MHz VHFradar", J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys., 73(9), 957-964, doi:10.1016/j.jastp.2010.09.032,2011.

Dehghan, A. and W. K. Hocking, "Errors in Spectral-width Turbulence Measurements by Radars", J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys., 73(9), 1052-1068, doi:10.1016/j.jastp.2010.11.011,2011.

Hocking, W.K., "A Review of Mesosphere-Stratosphere-Troposphere (MST) RadarDevelopments and Studies, circa 1997-2008", J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys., 73(9), 848-882, doi:10.1016/j.jastp.2010.12.009, 2011.

He, H., D.W. Tarasick, W. K. Hocking, T. K. Carey-Smith, Y. Rochon, J. Zhang, P. A.Makar, M. Osman, J. Brook, M. D. Moran, D. B.A. Jones, C. Mihele, J. C. Wei, G.Osterman, P. S. Argall, J. McConnell, and M. S. Bourqui, "Transport analysis ofozone enhancement in Southern Ontario during BAQS-Met", Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 2569-2583, doi:10.5194/acp-11-2569-2011, 2011.

Hocking, W.K. and G. Kishore Kumar, "Long Term Behaviour of the MLT Quasi 7 day Wave at two Radar-sites at Northern Polar Latitudes", J. Atmos. Solar Terr. Phys., 73, 1616-1628, 2011.

Hocking, W.K., " In Praise of Incremental Steps and Modest Ideas " , Physics in Canada, 67(3), 177-181, 2011.


Hocking, W.K., T. Thayaparan and A. Hocking, "Target detection in thepresence of sea clutter and ionospheric interference using jointspectral/time-series analysis and autocovariance procedures", IET Signal Process, 4(3), 272-286,doi:10.1049/iet-spr.2009.0085, 2010.

Kishore, G.Kumar, and W.K. Hocking, "Climatology of northern polar latitude MLTdynamics: mean winds and tides", Ann. Geophys., 28, 1859-1876,doi:10.5194/angeo-28-1859-2010, 2010.

Fritts, D.C., D. Janches, H. Iimura, W. K. Hocking, N. J. Mitchell, R. G.Stockwell, B. Fuller, B. Vandepeer, J. Hormaechea, C. Brunini, and H. Levato, "Southern Argentina Agile Meteor Radar: System design and initialmeasurements of large-scale winds and tides", J.Geophys. Res., 115, D18112, doi:10.1029/2010JD013850, 2010

Fritts, D. C.,D. Janches, and W. K. Hocking, "Southern Argentina agile meteor radar(SAAMER): Initial assessment of gravity wave momentum fluxes", J. Geophys. Res.,115, D19123, doi:10.1029/2010JD013891, 2010



Manson, A.H., C. E. Meek, T. Chshyolkova, X. Xu , T. Aso, J. R. Drummond, C. M. Hall,W. K. Hocking, Ch. Jacobi, M. Tsutsumi, and W. E. Ward, "Arctic Tidal Characteristics At Eureka (80oN, 86oW) And Svalbard (78oN, 16oE) for 2006/7:Seasonal And Longitudinal Variations, Migrating And Non-Migrating Tides",Annales Geophys., 27, 1153-1173, 2009.

Suzuki, S., K. Shiokawa, K. Hosokawa, K. Nakamura, and W. K. Hocking,"Statistical characteristics of polar cap mesospheric gravity waves observed byan all-sky airglow imager at Resolute Bay, Canada", J. Geophys. Res., 114,A01311, doi:10.1029/2008JA013652, 2009.

Swarnalingam, N., W. K. Hocking, and P. S. Argall, "Radar efficiency and thecalculation of decade-long PMSE backscatter cross-section for the Resolute BayVHF radar", Annales Geophysicae., 27, 1643-1656, 2009.

Xu,X., A.H. Manson, C.E. Meek, T. Chshyolkova, J.R. Drummond, C.M. Hall, Ch.Jacobi, D. Riggin, R.E. Hibbins, M. Tsutsumi, W.K. Hocking, and W.E. Ward, "Relationshipbetween variability of the semidiurnal tide in the Northern Hemispheremesosphere and quasi-stationary planetary waves throughout the global middleatmosphere", Ann. Geophys. 27, 4239-4256, 2009.

Swarnalingam, N., W.K. Hocking, W. Singer and R. Latteck, "Calibratedmeasurements of PMSE strengths at three different locations observed withSKiYMET radars and narrow beam VHF radars"J. Atmos. and Solar-Terr.Phys. 71, 1807-1813, 2009.


Buriti, R.A., W. K. Hocking, P. P. Batista, A. F. Medeiros, and B.R. Clemesha, "Observations of Equatorial Mesospheric Winds over Cariri (7.4oS) by a Meteor Radar and Comparison with Existing Models", Ann. Geophys., 26, 485-497, 2008.

Pancheva, D., P. Mukhtarov, N.J. Mitchell, B. Andonov, E.Merzlyakov, W. Singer, Y. Murayama, S. Kawamura, J. Xiong, W. Wan, W.Hocking, D. Fritts, D. Riggin, C. Meek, and A. Manson, "Latitudinal wave coupling of the stratosphere and mesosphere during the major stratospheric warming in 2003/2004 ", Annales Geophys., 26, 467-483, 2008

Nassar, R., J. A. Logan,H. M. Worden,I. A. Megretskaia, K. W. Bowman, G. B. Osterman, A. M. Thompson, D. W. Tarasick, S. Austin, H. Claude, M. K. Dubey, W. K. Hocking, B. J. Johnson, E. Joseph, J. Merrill, G. A. Morris, M. Newchurch, S. J. Oltmans, F. Posny, F. J. Schmidlin, H. Vomel, D. N. Whiteman, and J. C. Witte, "Validation of Tropospheric Emission Spectrometer (TES) Nadir Ozone Profiles Using Ozonesonde Measurements", J. Geophys. Res., 113, D15S17, doi:10.1029/2007JD008819, 2008.

Pancheva, D., P. Mukhtarov, N. J. Mitchell, E. Merzlyakov, A. K. Smith, B. Andonov, W. Singer, W. Hocking, C. Meek, A. Manson, and Y. Murayama, "Planetary waves in coupling the stratosphere and mesosphere during the major stratospheric warming in 2003/2004", J. Geophys. Res., 113, D12105, doi:10.1029/2007JD009011, 2008.

Campos, E.F., W.K. Hocking, and F. Fabry, "Evaluating the effects of a space-variable reflectivity and antenna sidelobes into the radar equation", J. Atmos. Oceanic Technology, 25, 1469-1476, 2008.

Latteck, R., W. Singer, R. J. Morris, W. K. Hocking, D. J. Murphy, D. A. Holdsworth, and N. Swarnalingam, "Similarities and differences in polar mesosphere summer echoes observed in the Arctic and Antarctica",Ann. Geophys., 26, 2795-2806, 2008.

Belova, A., S. Kirkwood, D. Murtagh, N. Mitchell, W. Singer, W.K. Hocking,"Five-day planetary waves in the middle atmosphere from Odin satellite data and ground-based instruments in Northern Hemisphere summer 2003, 2004, 2005 and 2007",Ann. Geophys., 26, 3557-3570, 2008.


Hocking, A., and W.K. Hocking, "Turbulence anisotropy determined by Windprofiler Radar and its correlation with rain events in Montreal, Canada", J. Atmos. Oceanic Technology, 24, 40-51, 2007.

Snively, J. B., V. P. Pasko, M. J. Taylor, and W. K. Hocking, "Doppler ducting of short-period gravity waves by midlatitude tidal wind structure", J. Geophys. Res., 112, A03304, doi:10.1029/2006JA011895, 2007.

Hocking, W.K., P.S. Argall, R.P. Lowe, R.J. Sica and H. Ellinor, "Height Dependent Meteor Temperatures and Comparisons with lidar and OH measurements", Canadian J. Phys., 85, 173-187, (doi:10.1139/P07-038), 2007.

Campos, E. F., W. Hocking and F. Fabry, "Precipitation measurement using VHF wind profiler radars: A multifaceted approach to calibrate radar antenna and receiver chain", Radio Sci., 42, RS4008, doi:10.1029/2006RS003565, 2007.

Campos, E. F., F. Fabry, and W. Hocking,"Precipitation measurements using VHF wind profiler radars: Measuring rainfall and vertical air velocities using only observations with a VHF radar", Radio Sci., 42, RS3003, doi:10.1029/2006RS003540, 2007

Hocking, W.K., T. Carey-Smith, D. Tarasick, S. Argall, K. Strong, Y. Rochon, I. Zawadzki, P. Taylor,"Detection of Stratospheric Ozone Intrusions by Windprofiler Radars", Nature, 450, 281-284, 2007.

Hoffmann, P., W. Singer, D. Keuer, W. K. Hocking, M. Kunze, Y. Murayama, "Latitudinal and longitudinal variability of mesospheric winds and temperatures during stratospheric warming events ",J. Atmos. Solar Terr. Phys., 69, (17-18), 2355-2366. (DOI 10.1016/j.jastp.2007.06.010)

Mukhtarov, P., D. Pancheva, B. Andonov, N.J. Mitchell, E. Merzlyakov, W. Singer, W. Hocking, C. Meek, A. Manson, Y. Murayama, "Large-scale thermodynamics of the stratosphere and mesosphere during the major stratospheric warming in 2003/2004", J. Atmos. Sol-Terr. Phys., 69, 2338-2354, 2007.

Chshyolkova, T., , A.H. Manson, C.E. Meek, T. Aso, S. K. Avery, C. M. Hall, W. Hocking, K. Igarashi, C. Jacobi, N. Makarov, N. Mitchell, Y. Murayama, W. Singer, D. Thorsen, and M. Tsutsumi, "Polar vortex evolution during Northern hemispheric Winter 2004/05", Ann. Geophys., 25, 1279-1298, 2007.


Chshyolkova, T., A.H. Manson, C.E. Meek, S.K. Avery, D. Thorsen, J.W. MacDougall, W. Hocking, Y. Murayama and K. Igarashi, "Planetary wave coupling processes in the middle atmosphere (30-90 km): A study involving MetO and MFR data",J. Atmos. Solar-Terr, Phys., 68, Issues 3-5, 353-368, 2006.

Manson, A.H., C. Meek, T. Chshyolkova, C. McLandress, S. K. Avery, D. C. Fritts, C. M. Hall, W. K. Hocking, K. Igarashi, J. W. MacDougall, Y. Murayama, C. Riggin, D. Thorsen, and R. A. Vincent, "Winter warmings, tides and planetary waves: comparisions between CMAM (with interactive chemistry) and MFR-MetO observations and data",Ann. Geophys., 24, 2493-2518, 2006.


Franke, S.J., X. Chu, A. Z. Liu, and W. K. Hocking, "Comparison of meteor radar and Na Doppler lidar measurements of winds in the mesopause region above Maui, Hawaii", J. Geophys. Res., 110, D09S02, doi:10.1029/2003JD004486, 2005.

Chshyolkova, T. , A. H. Manson, C.E.Meek, S.K. Avery, D. Thorsen, J.W. MacDougall, W. Hocking, W., Y. Murayama and K. Igarashi, "Planetary wave coupling in the Middle Atmosphere (20-90km): a CUJO study involving TOMS, MetO and MF radar data", Annales Geophysicae, 23, 1103-1121, 2005.

Manson, A. H. , C.E. Meek, T. Chshyolkova, S.K. Avery, D. Thorsen, J.W. MacDougall,, W. Hocking, Y. Murayama, and K. Igarashi, "Wave activity (planetary, tidal) throughout the middle atmosphere (20-100km) over the CUJO network: Satellite (TOMS) and Medium Frequency (MF) radar observations", Annales Geophysicae, 23, 305-323, 2005.

Hocking, W.K., "A new approach to momentum flux determinations using SKiYMET meteor radars ", Ann. Geophysicae, 23, 2433-2439, 2005.

Latteck, R., W. Singer and W.K. Hocking, "Measurement of turbulent kinetic energy dissipation rates in the mesosphere by a 3MHz Doppler radar", Adv. Space Res., Adv. Space Res., 35, 1905-1910, 2005.


Singer, W., J. Bremer, J. Weiss, W.K. Hocking, J. Hoffner, M. Donner and P. Espy,"Meteor radar observations at middle and Arctic latitudes Part 1: mean temperatures", J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys., 66, 607-616, 2004.

Hocking, W.K., W. Singer, J. Bremer, N.J. Mitchell, P. Batista, B. Clemesha, and M. Donner,"Meteor Radar Temperatures at multiple sites derived with SKiYMET radars and compared to OH, rocket and lidar measurements", J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys., 66, 585-593, 2004.

Hocking, W.K.,"Radar meteor decay rate variability and atmospheric consequences", Annales Geophysicae, 22, 3805-3814, 2004.

Portnyagin, Y. , T. Solovjova, N. Makarov, E. Merzlyakov, A. Manson, C. Meek, W. Hocking, N. Mitchell, D. Pancheva, P. Hoffmann, W. Singer, Y. Murayama, K.Igarashi, J. Forbes, S. Palo, C. Hall, and S. Nozaw,"Monthly mean climatology of the prevailing winds and tides in the Arctic mesosphere/lower thermosphere", Annales Geophysicae, 22, 3395-3410, 2004.

Portnyagin, Yu., T. Solovjova, E. Merzlyakov, J. Forbes, S. Palo, D. Ortland, W. Hocking, J. MacDougall, T. Thayaparan, A. Manson, C. Meek, P. Hoffman, W. Singer, N. Mitchell, D. Pancheva, K. Igarashi, Y. Murayama, Ch. Jacobi, D. Kuershner, A. Fahrutdinova, D. Korotyshkin, R. Clark, M. Taylor, S. Franke, D. Fritts, T. Tsuda, T. Nakamura, S, Gurubaran, R. Rajaram, R. Vincent, S. Kovalam, P. Batista, L.M.G. Poole, S. Malinga, G. Fraser, D. Murphy, D. Riggin, T. Aso and M. Tsutsumi,"Mesosphere/Lower Thermosphere Prevailing Wind Component", Adv. Space. Res., 34(8), 1755-1762, 2004 (special issue on Planetary Ionospheres and Atmospheres Including CIRA).

Manson. A.H., C.E. Meek, T. Chshyolkova, S.K. Avery, D. Thorsen, J.W. MacDougall, W. Hocking, Y. Murayama, K. Igarashi, S.O. Namboothiri and P. Kishore,"Longitudinal and latitudinal variations in dynamic characteristics of the MLT (70-95 km): a study involving the CUJO network", Annales Geophysicae, 22, 347-365, 2004.

Pancheva, D., N. J. Mitchell, A. H. Manson, C. E. Meek, Ch. Jacobi, Yu. Portnyagin, E. Merzlyakov, W. K. Hocking, J. MacDougall, W. Singer, K. Igarashi, R. R. Clark, D. M. Riggin, S. J. Franke, D. Kurschner, A. N. Fahrutdinova, A. M. Stepanov, B. L. Kashcheyev, A. N. Oleynikov and H. G. Muller, "Variability of the quasi-2-day wave observed in the MLT region during the PSMOS campaign of June-August 1999", J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys., 66, 539-565, 2004.


Hocking, W.K., "Evidence for viscosity, thermal conduction and diffusion waves in the Earth 's atmosphere ", Review of Scientific Instruments, 74(1), 420-426, 2003.

Manson, A.H., C.E. Meek, J.W. MacDougall, W.K. Hocking and D. Thorsen, "Comments on " Climatology of neutral winds in the lower thermosphere over Millstone Hill (42.6oN) observed from ground and from space " by Zhang et al.", J. Geophys. Res., 108, #A12, 1471, doi:10.1029/2003JA010102, SIA22-1 - SIA22-7, 2003.

Manson AH, C.E. Meek, Y. Luo, W.K. Hocking, J. MacDougall, D.Riggin, D.C. Fritts, and R.A. Vincent, "Modulation of gravity waves by planetary waves (2 and 16 d): observations with the North American-Pacific MLT-MFR radar network", J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys., 65, 85-104, 2003.

Smith, S.M., M.J. Taylor, G.R. Swenson, C.-Y She, W.K. Hocking, J. Baumgardner and M. Mendillo, "A multidiagnostic investigation of the mesospheric bore phenomenon", J. Geophys. Res. (Atmospheres), 108(A2), 1083 doi:10.1029/2002JA009500, 2003.

Singer, W., J. Bremer, W.K. Hocking, J. Weiss, R. Latteck, and M. Zecha, "Temperature and wind tides around the summer mesopause at middle and arctic latitudes", Adv. Space. Res., submitted, 2003.

Jones, G.O.L., F.T. Berkey, C.S. Fish, W.K. Hocking and M. J. Taylor, "Validation of imaging Doppler interferometer winds using meteor radar",, Geophys. Res. Letts., 30, No. 14, 1743-1746, 2003.


Liu, A.Z., W.K. Hocking, S.J. Franke and T. Thayaparan, "Comparsion of Na Lidar and meteor radar wind measurements at Starfire Optical Range, NM, USA", J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys., 64, 31-40, 2002.

Manson, A.H., C.E. Meek, J. Koshyk, S. Franke, D.C. Fritts, D. Riggin, C.M. Hall, W.K. Hocking, J. MacDougall, K. Igarashi, R.A. Vincent, "Gravity wave activity and dynamical effects in the middle atmosphere (60-90 km): observations from an MF/MLT radar network, and results from the Canadian Middle Atmosphere Model (CMAM)", J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys., 64, 65-90, 2002.

Sica, R.J., T. Thayaparan, P. S. Argall, A. T. Russell and W. K. Hocking, "Modulation of upper mesospheric temperature inversions due to tidal-gravity Wave interactions", J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys., 64, 915-922, 2002.

Thayaparan, T., and W.K. Hocking, "A long-term comparison of winds and tides measured at London, Canada (43oN, 81oW) by co-located MF and meteor radars during 1994-1999, J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys., 64, 931-946, 2002.

Pancheva, D., N.J. Mitchell, M.E. Hagan, A.H. Manson, C.E. Meek, Yi Luo, Ch. Jacobi, D. Kurschner, R.R. Clark, W.K. Hocking, J. MacDougall, G.O.L. Jones, R.A. Vincent, I.M. Reid, W. Singer, K.Igarashi, G.I. Fraser, T. Nakamura,T. Tsuda, Yu. Portnyagin, E. Merzlyakov, A.N. Fahrutdinova, A.M. Stepanov, L.M.G. Poole, S.B. Malinga, B.L. Kashcheyev, A.N. Oleynikov and D.M. Riggin, "Global-scale tidal structure in the mesosphere and lower thermosphere during the PSMOS campaign of June-August 1999 and comparisons with the global-scale wave model", J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys., 64, 1011-1035, 2002.

Shepherd, M.G., P.J. Espy, C.Y. She,W. Hocking, P. Keckhut, G. Gavrilyeva, G.G. Shepherd and B. Naujokat, "Springtime transition in upper mesospheric temperature in the northern hemisphere", J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys., 64, 1183-1199., 2002.

Luo, Y., A.H. Manson, C.E. Meek, T. Thayaparan, J. MacDougall and W.K. Hocking, "The 16-day wave in the mesosphere and lower thermosphere: simultaneous observations at Saskatoon (52N, 107W) and London (43N, 81W), Canada", J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys., 64, 1287-1307, 2002.

Kirkwood, S., V. Barabash, B.U.E. Brandstrom, A. Mostrom, K. Stebel, N. Mitchell and W.K. Hocking, "Noctilucent clouds, PMSE and 5-day planetary waves: A case study", Geophys. Res. Letts., 29(10), 50-1 to 50-4, 2002.

Manson, A.H., C. Meek, M. Hagan, J. Koshyk, S. Franke, D. Fritts, C. Hall, W. Hocking, K. Igarashi, J. MacDougall, D. Riggin and R. Vincent, "Seasonal variations of the semi-diurnal and diurnal tides in the MLT: multi-year MF radar observations from 2-70oN, modelled tides(GSWM, CMAM)", Annales Geophys., 20, 661 - 677, 2002.

Luo, Y., A.H. Manson, C.E. Meek, C.K. Meyer, M.D. Burrage, D.C. Fritts, C. M. Hall, W.K. Hocking, J. MacDougall, D.M. Riggin, and R. A. Vincent, "The 16-day planetary waves: multi-MF radar observations from the arctic to equator and comparisons with the HRDI measurements and the GSWM modelling results", Annales Geophys., 20, 691 - 709, 2002.

Hocking, W.K., and A. Hocking, "Temperature tides determined with meteor radar", Ann. Geophys., 20, 1447 - 1467, 2002.

Pancheva, D., E. Merzlyakov, N.J. Mitchell, Yu. Portnyagin, A.H. Manson, Ch. Jacobi, C.E. Meek, Yi Luo, R.R. Clark, W.K. Hocking, J. MacDougall, H.G. Muller, D. Kurschner, G.O.L. Jones, R.A. Vincent, I.M. Reid, W. Singer, K.Igarashi, G.I. Fraser, A.N. Fahrutdinova, A.M. Stepanov, L.M.G. Poole, S.B. Malinga, B.L. Kashcheyev, A.N. Oleynikov, "Global-scale tidal variability during the PSMOS campaign of June-August 1999: interaction with planetary waves", J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys., 64, 1865-11896, 2002.


Hocking, W.K., B. Fuller and B. Vandepeer, "Real-time Determination of Meteor-related Parameters Utilizing Modern Digital Technology", J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Physics, 63, 155-169, 2001.

Hocking, W.K., T. Thayaparan, and S.J. Franke, "Method for statistical comparison of geophysical data by multiple instruments which have differing accuracies", Adv. Space Res., 27, numbers 6-7, 1089-1098, 2001.

Belu, R.G., W.K. Hocking, N.Donaldson, and T. Thayaparan, " Comparisons of CLOVAR windprofiler horizontalwinds with radiosondes and CMC regional analyses", Atmosphere-Ocean 39(2): 107-126, 2001.

Hocking, W.K., and J. Roettger, "The structure of turbulence in the middle and lower atmosphere seen by and deduced from MF, HF and VHF radar, with special emphasis on small-scale features and anisotropy", Annales Geophys., 19, 933-944, 2001.

Hocking. W.K., M.C. Kelley and J. Kelly, "Introduction to special section: Early Polar Cap Observatory", Radio Sci., 36, 1775-1776, 2001.

Hocking, W.K., "VHF tropospheric scatterer anisotropy at Resolute Bay and its implications for tropospheric radar-derived wind accuracies", Radio Sci., 36, 1777-1793, 2001.

Hocking, W.K., "Middle Atmosphere dynamical studies at Resolute Bay over a full representative year: planetary waves, tides and special oscillations", Radio Sci., 36, 1795-1822, 2001.

Huaman, M.M., M.C. Kelley, W.K. Hocking and R.F. Woodman, "Polar mesosphere summer echo studies at 51.5 MHz at Resolute Bay, Canada: Comparisons with Poker Flat results", Radio Sci., 36, 1823-1837, 2001.

Hocking, W.K., M.C. Kelley, R. Rogers, W. O. J. Brown, D. Moorcroft and J.-P. St. Maurice, "Resolute Bay VHF radar: A multi-purpose tool for studies of tropospheric motions, middle atmosphere dynamics, meteor physics and ionospheric physics", Radio Sci., 36, 1839-1857, 2001.


Hocking, W.K. " Real-time meteor entrance speed determinations made with interferometric meteor radars ", Radio Sci. 35(5): 1205-1220, 2000.

Lieberman, R.S., A.K. Smith, S.J.Franke, R.A.Vincent, J.R. Isler, A.H. Manson, C.E. Meek, G.J. Fraser, A. Fahrutdinova, T. Thayaparan, W. Hocking, J.MacDougall, T. Nakamura, and T. Tsuda, " Comparison of mesospheric and lowerthermospheric residual wind with High Resolution Doppler Imager, medium imager,and meteor radar winds", J. Geophys.Res. 105(D22): 27023- 27035, 2000.


Hocking,W.K. " The dynamical parameters of turbulence theory as they apply to middle atmosphere studies", Earth Planets Space 51: 525-541, 1999.

Hocking, W.K., "Temperatures using radar-meteor decay times ", Geophys. Res. Lett. 26: 3297-3300,1999.

Manson, A., C. Meek, M. Hagan, C. Hall, W. Hocking, J. MacDougall, S. Franke, D. Riggin, D. Fritts, R.Vincent, and M. Burrage, " Seasonal variations of the semi-diurnal and diurnal tides in the MLT: multi-year MFradar observations from 2 to 70oN, and the GSWM tidal model " , J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys. 61: 809-838,1999.

Manson, A., C. Meek, C. Hall, W.Hocking, J. MacDougall, S. Franke, S., K. Igarashi, D. Riggin, D. Fritts and R.Vincent, " Gravity wave spectra, directions and wave interactions: GlobalMLT-MFR network ", Earth, Planets and Space 51: 543-562, 1999.

Arlt, R., J. Rendtel, P. Brown, V.Velkov, W. K. Hocking, and J. Jones, " The 1998 outburst and history of the JuneBootid meteor shower ", Monthly Notes of the Royal Astronom. Soc. 308(3), 887-896, 1999.


Jones, J., A.R. Webster, and W.K. Hocking, "An improved interferometer design for use with meteor radars", Radio Sci., 33, 55-65, 1998.

Lieberman, R. S., W. A. Robinson, S. J. Franke, R. A. Vincent, J. R. Isler, D. C. Fritts, A. H. Manson,C. E. Meek, G. J. Fraser, A. Fahrutdinova, W. K . Hocking, T. Thayaparan, J.MacDougall, K. Igarashi, T. Nakamura and T. Tsuda, "HRDI observations of mean meridional winds at solstice", J. Atmos. Sci., 55, 1887-1896, 1998.

Brandolini, A., B.B. Balsley, A.Mabres, R.F. Woodman, C. Capsoni, M. D'Amico, W.L. Ecklund, T. Hagfors, R.Harper, M.L. Heron, W.K. Hocking, M.S. Lehtinen, J. Roettger, M.F. Sarango, T.Sato, R.J. Strauch, J.M. Vaughn, L. Wyatt and D.S. Zrnic, "Report from the International Workshop on Remote Sensing in Geophysics using Doppler Techniques", Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc., 79, 643-656, 1998.

Brown, P., W.K. Hocking, J.Jones and J. Rendtel, "Observations of the Geminids and Quadrantids usinga stratosphere-troposphere radar", Monthly Notes of the Royal Astron.Soc., 295(4), 847-859, 1998.

Brown, P., M. Simek, J. Jones,R. Arlt, W.K. Hocking, and M. Beech, "Observations of the 1996 Leonidmeteor shower by radar, visual and video techniques, Monthly Notes of the RoyalAstron. Soc., 300(1), 244, 1998.

Brown, P., W.K. Hocking et al.,report "New June Meteor Shower", Sky and Telescope, October 1998, p.22


Hocking, W.K., "System design, signal processing procedures and preliminary results for the Canadian (London, Ontario) VHF Atmospheric Radar", Radio Sci., 32, 687-706, 1997.

Hocking, W.K., and T. Thayaparan, "Simultaneous and co-located observation of winds and tides by MF and Meteor radars over London, Canada, (43N, 81W) during 1994-1996", Radio Sci., 32, 833-865, 1997.

Thayaparan, T., W.K. Hocking and J. MacDougall, "Amplitude, phase and period variations of the quasi 2-day wave in the mesosphere and lower thermosphere over London, Canada (43N, 81W)during 1993 and 1994", J. Geophys. Res., 102,9461-9478, 1997.

Hocking, W.K., and A.M. Hamza,"A Quantitative measure of the degree of anisotropy of turbulence in termsof atmospheric parameters, with particular relevance to radar studies",Atmos. Solar Terr. Phys., 59, 1011-1020, 1997.

Hocking, W.K., and J. Roettger,"Studies of Polar Mesosphere Summer Echoes over EISCAT using calibratedsignal strengths and statistical parameters", Radio Sci., 32, 1425-1444,1997.

Hocking, W.K. and K.L. Mu,"Upper and Middle Tropospheric Kinetic Energy Dissipation Rates fromMeasurements of Cn2 - Review of Theories, in- situ Investigations, andExperimental Studies using the Buckland Park Atmospheric Radar inAustralia", J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 59, 1779- 1803, 1997.

Hocking, W.K., "Strengthsand limitations for MST radar measurements of middle atmosphere winds",Annales Geophys., 15, 1111-1122, 1997.

Thayaparan, T., W. K. Hocking,J. MacDougall, A. H. Manson and C. E. Meek, "Simultaneous observations ofthe 2-day wave at London (43 N, 81 W) and Saskatoon (52 N, 107 W) near 91 kmaltitude during the two years of 1993 and 1994", Annales Geophys., 15,1324-1339, 1997.

Hocking, W.K., T. Thayaparan andJ. Jones, "Meteor decay times and their use in determining a diagnosticmesospheric temperature-pressure parameter: Methodology and one year ofdata", Geophys. Res. Lett., 24, 2977-2980, 1997.

Hocking, W.K., "RecentAdvances in Radar Instrumentation and Techniques for Studies of the Mesosphere,Stratosphere and Troposphere", Radio Sci., 32, 2241-2270, 1997.


Hocking, W.K., "Anassessment of the capabilities and limitations of radars in measurements ofupper atmosphere turbulence", Adv. Space Res., 17(11), 37-47, 1996.

Roettger, J., and W.K. Hocking,"Ionosphere-middle and lower atmosphere interactions - preface", J.Atmos. Terr. Phys., 58, 641-643, 1996.

Hocking, W.K., "DynamicalCoupling Processes between the Middle Atmosphere and Lower Ionosphere", J.Atmos. Terr. Phys., 58, 735-752, 1996.


Eckermann, S.D., I. Hirota andW.K. Hocking, " Gravity wave and equatorial morphology of the stratospherederived from long-term rocket soundings. Quart. Journal Roy. Meteorol. Society,121, 149-186, 1995.

Thayaparan, T., W.K. Hocking,and J. MacDougall, "Observational evidence of tidal/gravity waveinteractions using the UWO 2 MHz radar", Geophys. Res. Letts., 22,373-376, 1995.

Thayaparan, T., W.K. Hocking,and J. MacDougall, "Middle Atmospheric Winds and Tides over London, Canada(43N, 81W) during 1992-1993, Radio Sci., 30, 1293-1309, 1995.


Murphy, D.J., W.K. Hocking andD.C. Fritts, "An assessment of the effect of gravity waves on the width ofradar Doppler spectra", J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 56, 17-29, 1994.

Lesicar, D., W.K. Hocking andR.A. Vincent, "Comparative studies of scatterers observed by MF radars inthe Southern Hemisphere mesosphere", J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 56, 581-591,1994.

Fukao, S., M.D. Yamanaka, N. Ao,W.K. Hocking, T. Sato, M. Yamamoto, T. Nakamura, T. Tsuda and S. Kato,"Seasonal variability of vertical eddy diffusivity in the middleatmosphere, 1. Three-year observations by the middle and upper atmosphereradar", J. Geophys. Res., 99, 18973 - 18987, 1994.


Vandepeer, B., and W.K. Hocking,"Comparisons of atmospheric turbulent energy dissipation rates deducedusing narrow and wide beam 2MHz radars", Geophys. Res. Letts., 20, 17-20,1993.


Hall, T.J., J.Y.N. Cho, M.C.Kelley and W.K. Hocking, "A re-evaluation of the Stokes drift in the polarsummer mesosphere", J. Geophys. Res., 97, 887-897, 1992.

Lesicar, D., and W.K. Hocking,"Studies of seasonal behaviour of the shape of mesospheric scatterersusing a 1.98 MHz radar", J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 54, 295-309, 1992.

Collis, P.N., M.T. Rietveld, J.Roettger and W.K. Hocking, "Turbulence scattering layers in themiddle-mesosphere observed by the Eiscat 224 MHz radar", Radio Sci., 27,97-107, 1992.

Hocking, W.K. "On therelationship between the strength of atmospheric radar backscatter and theintensity of atmospheric turbulence", Adv. Space Res., 12, no. 10,207-213, 1992.


Hocking, W.K., S. Fukao, M. Yamamoto, T. Tsuda, and S. Kato, "Viscosity waves and thermal-conduction waves as a cause of 'specular' reflectors in radar studies of the atmosphere", Radio Sci., 26, 1281-1303, 1991.

Walterscheid, R.L. and W.K. Hocking, "Stokes diffusion by atmospheric internal gravity waves", J. Atmos. Sci., 48, 2213-2230, 1991.

Hocking, W.K. "The effects of middle atmosphere turbulenceon coupling between atmospheric regions", J. Geomag. and Geoelectricity, 43, (Suppl.), 621-636, 1991.


Hocking, W.K., S. Fukao, T. Tsuda, M. Yamamoto, T. Sato and S. Kato, "Aspect sensitivity of stratospheric VHF radiowave scatterers, particularly above 15 km altitude", Radio Sci., 25, 613-627, 1990.

Hocking, W.K., "Turbulence in the region80-120 km", Adv. Space Res., 10, no.12, [COSPAR INTERNATIONAL REFERENCE ATMOSPHERE: 1986, PART II, Middle Atmosphere Models, eds. D. Rees, J.J. Barnett and K. Labitzke], 153-161, 1990.


Hocking, W.K. "Performing Fourier transforms on extremely long data streams", Computers in Physics, 3, no.1 (Jan/Feb), 59-65, 1989.

Hocking, W.K., P.T. May, and J. Roettger, "Interpretation, reliability and accuracies of parameters deduced by the spaced antenna method in middle atmosphere applications", Pure and Applied Geophys., 130, 571-604, 1989.

Eckermann, S.D., and W.K. Hocking, "The Effect of Superposition on Measurements of Atmospheric Gravity Waves : a Cautionary note and some re-interpretations.", J. Geophys. Res., 94, 6333-6339, 1989.


Hocking, W.K. "Two years of continuous measurements of turbulence parameters in the upper mesosphere and lower thermosphere made with a 2-MHz radar", J. Geophys. Res., 93, 2475-2491, 1988.

Protheroe, R.J. and W.K. Hocking, "Period searches using the Fast Fourier Transform in X-ray and gamma-ray astronomy", Astrophys. Lett. and Communications, 27, 237-240, 1988.


Vincent, R.A., May, P., Hocking, W.K., Elford W.G., Candy, B. and Briggs, B.H. "First results with the Adelaide VHF radar: spaced antenna studies of tropospheric winds." J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 49, 353-366, 1987.

Hocking, W.K. "Reduction of the effects of non-stationarity in studies of amplitude statistics of radio wave backscatter". J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 49, 1119-1131, 1987.

Hocking W.K. "Turbulence in the region 80-120 km." Advances in Space Res., 7, no. 10, 171-181, 1987.

Hocking W.K. "Radar studies of small scale structure in the upper middle atmosphere and lower ionosphere", Advances in Space Res., 7, no.10, 327-338, 1987.


Hocking, W.K., Ruester,R. and Czechowsky, P. "Absolute reflectivities and aspect sensitivities of VHF radio wave scatterers measured with the SOUSY radar". J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 48, 131-144, 1986.

Hocking, W.K. "Observation and measurement of turbulence in the middle atmosphere with a VHF radar". J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 48, 655- 670, 1986.


Hocking W.K., "Measurement of turbulent energy dissipation rates in the middle atmosphere by radar techniques: a review", Radio Sci., 20, 1403-1422, 1985.


Hocking, W.K. "On the extraction of atmospheric turbulence parameters from radar backscatter Doppler spectra -I: theory" J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 45, 89-102, 1983.

Hocking, W.K. "Mesospheric turbulence intensities measured with a HF radar at 35oS -II", J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 45, 103-114, 1983.

Hocking, W.K. and Roettger, J. "Pulse-length dependence of radar signal strengths for Fresnel backscatter", Radio Sci., 18, 1312-1324, 1983.


Hocking, W.K. and Vincent, R.A. "A Comparison between HF partial reflection profiles from the D-region and simultaneous Langmuir probe electron density measurements", J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 44, 843-854, 1982.

Hocking, W.K. and Vincent, R .A. "Comparative observations of D-region HF partial reflections at 2 and 6 MHz", J. Geophys. Res., 87, 7615-7624, 1982.


Hocking, W.K. "Angular and temporal characteristics of partial reflections from the D-region of the ionosphere" ,J. Geophys. Res., 84, 845-851, 1979.

Books, Editorships.

Hocking, W.K., J. Roettger, R.D. Palmer, T. Sato and P.B. Chilson, " Atmospheric Radar: Application and Science of MST Radars in the Earth's Mesosphere, Stratosphere, Troposphere, and weakly ionized regions", Cambridge University Press, 2016. ISBN 9781316556115, DOI:

Editor (jointly), Adv. SpaceRes., 10, no. 10, "The Earth's Middle Atmosphere", 1990. (Jointeditors: W.K. Hocking, S.A. Bowhill, K. Labitzke and M.J. Rycroft)

Editor (jointly), Adv. SpaceRes., 12, no. 10, "The Earth's Middle and Upper Atmosphere", 1992.(Joint editors: J.M. Forbes, F. Vial, T. Fuller-Rowell, A. Manson, W.K.Hocking, R.R. Meier and C.R. Philbrick).

W.K. Hocking and R.L.Walterscheid, "The Role of Stokes' Diffusion in Middle AtmosphericTransport", NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization) publication in"Coupling Processes in the Lower and Middle Atmosphere", eds. E.V.Thrane, T.A. Blix and D.C. Fritts, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, Bostonand London, (Series C: Mathematical and Physical Sciences, Vol. 387),pp.305-328, 1993.

W.K. Hocking, "Small scale dynamics of the upper atmosphere: experimental studies of gravity waves andturbulence", chapter 1.2.2 (invited) in "The Upper Atmosphere",pp 51-96, eds. W. Dieminger, G.K. Hartmann and R. Leitinger, Springer-Verlag,Berlin, Heidelberg, New York, 1996.

J. Roettger, and W.K. Hocking,Guest editors, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 58, no. 6, pp. 641-820, 1996.

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